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IFS Working Papers
June 2011 W11/10
Cash by any other name? Evidence on labelling from the UK Winter Fuel Payment

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Standard economic theory implies that the labelling of cash transfers or cash-equivalents (e.g. child benefits, food stamps) should have no effect on spending patterns. The empirical literature to date does not contradict this proposition. We study the UK Winter Fuel Payment (WFP), a cash transfer to older households. Exploiting sharp eligibility criteria in a regression discontinuity design, we find robust evidence of a behavioural effect of the labelling. On average households spend 41% of the WFP on fuel. If the payment was treated as cash, we would expect households to spend approximately 3% of the payment on fuel.

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Impact on Society
IFS researchers have investigated the relative merits of government policies designed to protect elderly households from the coldest winters.