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Tax and benefit reforms under Labour

James Browne and David Phillips
Briefing note

This Election Briefing Note describes the main tax and benefit reforms since 1997, and shows how they have affected total government revenues. It then goes on to discuss the impact of these reforms on the distribution of income between household types, on work incentives and on the incentive to save. A subsequent Election Briefing Note will examine how Labour's reforms have affected the so-called 'couple penalty' that exists in the tax and benefit system.

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Observation
The key question for the next Government is what size and combination of public spending cuts and tax increases to implement to repair our public finances. Anyone looking for a more detailed answer from Labour in its manifesto will have been disappointed.
Observation
Today, the government published new household income statistics and announced a consultation on the measurement of child poverty. IFS researchers take the opportunity to reflect upon what child poverty is and how it should be measured, and to discuss current government thinking in this policy area.
Observation
The Liberal Democrats have, once again, claimed that the poor pay more of their income in tax than the rich, and that this gap has got larger under Labour. But, by ignoring the fact that the poor get most of this income from the state in benefit and tax credit payments, and by overstating the ...
Press release
The tax and benefit measures implemented by Labour since 1997 have increased the incomes of poorer households and reduced those of richer ones, largely halting the rapid rise in income inequality we saw under the Conservatives. Despite this, inequality was still slightly higher in 2007-08 than when ...