Carl Emmerson

Carl Emmerson

Deputy Director


MSc Economics, Birkbeck, University of London, 1999
BSc Economics (1st Class), London School of Economics and Political Science, 1996

Carl is Deputy Director of the IFS and an editor of the annual IFS Green Budget. He is also a member of the Social Security Advisory Committee and the advisory panel of the Office for Budget Responsibility.


His recent research has included analysis of the impact of the financial crisis and association recession, and the Government's response, on the UK's public finances. He has examined the effect of UK pension reforms on the public finances, retirement behaviour, labour market mobility, incentives to save and inequality, and has evaluated the large scale pilots of the Education Maintenance Allowance, the Pathways-to-Work reforms to incapacity benefits and the Saving Gateway matched savings vehicle. He previously served as a specialist advisor to the House of Commons Work and Pensions Select Committee.

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Disability benefit spending and the recent change to regulations

| Observations

On Monday, the House of Lords will debate recent changes to Personal Independence Payment (PIP) regulations. These changes are expected to save the government £910 million per year by 2021–22 by reversing the impact of two recent tribunal judgements on the criteria for receiving PIP. Important context is that despite this change, real-terms spending on disability benefits is forecast to be £23 billion in 2017–18, 35% higher than the £17 billion spent 2007–08. If spending had grown at the rate forecast as recently as Budget 2015, it would instead reach just £20 billion by 2017–18.

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