Human capital

The first years of life lay the basis for ongoing individual development and future outcomes. It is a period of rapid growth and development, shaped by the home environment, parental investments and other external factors. If these factors are not favourable to children’s development they may result in malnutrition, illnesses and inadequate stimulation, which can have detrimental effects on children’s health and development, affecting their later life outcomes and contributing to the intergenerational transmission of poverty and inequality.

Research in EDePo is interested in understanding the process of development of these disparities over time and by developmental area (cognition, language, socio-emotional development, etc.), the extent to which they are correlated with poverty and other maternal and household characteristics, and in identifying interventions that promote early childhood development in a cost-effective, sustained and integrated manner – from birth to age 5. To this end, since 2009, EDePo researchers have been extensively involved in the design, implementation and evaluation of cost-effective psycho-social stimulation (parenting) interventions aimed at very young children (toddlers) that can be implemented at large scale in low and middle income countries, such as Colombia and India. A related strand of research has focused on the evaluation of various forms of childcare provision for pre-school children in Latin America, and their impacts on children’s outcomes and parental investment decisions. A final strand of work investigates the impacts of early life nutritional investments.

The broader aim of this research agenda is to understand why interventions work (or not). This involves understanding the process whereby parents invest in the human capital of their children and what constrains these investment choices – for example, lack of monetary resources, time, and knowledge, amongst others.

Journal Article | British Medical Journal
The objective of this paper is to assess the effectiveness of an integrated early child development intervention, combining stimulation and micronutrient supplementation and delivered on a large scale in Colombia, for children’s development, growth, and hemoglobin levels.
Journal Article | Journal of Human Resources
the_socioeconomic_gradient_of_child_development
Journal Article | Economic Journal
This paper estimates the impact of a long-established pre-school nursery programme on children's nutritional status.
Journal Article | Review of Economic Dynamics
In this paper we use high quality data from two developing countries, Ethiopia and Peru, to estimate the production functions of human capital from age 1 to age 15.

Contacts

Contact IFS on 020 7291 4800 or mailbox@ifs.org.uk

Britta Augsburg

Britta Augsburg

Associate Director

Sarah Cattan

Sarah Cattan

Associate Director

Sonya Krutikova

Sonya Krutikova

Associate Director

Yani Tyskerud

Yani Tyskerud

Assistant Director

Orazio Attanasio

Orazio Attanasio

Research Director

Emla Fitzsimons

Emla Fitzsimons

Research Fellow

Costas Meghir

Costas Meghir

Research Fellow

Pedro Carneiro

Pedro Carneiro

Research Fellow

Marcos Vera-Hernandez

Marcos Vera-Hernandez

Research Fellow

Imran Rasul

Imran Rasul

Co-director, CPP

Marta Rubio Codina

Marta Rubio Codina

International Research Fellow

Bansi Malde

Bansi Malde

Research Associate

Alison Andrew

Alison Andrew

Research Economist

Gabriella Conti

Gabriella Conti

Research Fellow