Investment, productivity and innovation

Long-term increases in living standards and well-being depend on sustained growth in productivity. This in turn depends on investment, including in innovation and new technologies, and the allocation of resources. IFS research has made important contributions to the understanding of how labour market institutions, product market competition, firm structure and a(including between firms and universities) interact with investment to drive innovation and productivity.

In an increasingly global world, it matters not only how much firms are investing and what they are investing in, but also where they are investing. IFS was home to much of the seminal work on how tax affects firm location choices. This included important work on how to measure tax incentives and how to model firm behaviour. We have been building on that ever since. For example, recent work has estimated how the location of intellectual property responds to various aspects of corporate taxes. Our current agenda is seeking to further advance understanding of what drives  where firms do their R&D by developing models of location choice that allow for complementarities between locations. This is motivated by recent research that has shown evidence for complementarities in knowledge production in different countries.

Our empirical findings and associated expertise have directly informed policy debates. For example, IFS work central to discussions about the introduction of an R&D tax credit in the 2000s. More recently, our analysis was used in debates about the introduction of Patent Boxes in the UK and across Europe and went on to affect their subsequent redesign. Our research has contribution to the understanding the UK’s current productivity puzzle.

Conference | 23 - 24 September 2015
IFS and the Bank of England held a conference to explore how recent developments in capital and labour markets can help to explain aggregate outcomes since the Great Recession. The conference combined microeconomic studies relevant for the UK with papers that draw lessons from other countries.
Journal Article | Quarterly Journal of Economics
This paper investigates the relationship between product market competition and innovation. We find strong evidence of an inverted-U relationship using panel data.
Journal Article | American Economic Review
We examine the "technology sourcing" hypothesis that foreign research labs located in the U.S. tap into U.S. R&D spillovers and improve home country productivity.
Journal Article | Journal of Public Economics
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Contacts

Helen Miller

Helen Miller

Associate Director

Thomas Pope

Thomas Pope

Research Economist

Rachel Griffith

Rachel Griffith

Research Director

Philippe Aghion

Philippe Aghion

Research Fellow

Manuel Arellano

Manuel Arellano

International Research Fellow

Alan Auerbach

Alan Auerbach

International Research Fellow

James Cloyne

James Cloyne

International Research Fellow

Richard Blundell

Richard Blundell

Director of CPP

Richard Disney

Richard Disney

Research Fellow

Jan Eeckhout

Jan Eeckhout

Research Associate

Bronwyn H. Hall

Bronwyn H. Hall

International Research Fellow

Sokbae Lee

Sokbae Lee

Research Fellow

Costas Meghir

Costas Meghir

Research Fellow

Guglielmo Weber

Guglielmo Weber

International Research Fellow