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Home Research areas Inequality, poverty and living standards Effects of policy on inequality, poverty and living standards

Effects of policy on inequality, poverty and living standards

Government policy can have pronounced effects on the distribution of resources held, and living standards experienced, by the population. Since our foundation, researchers at IFS have sought to analyse and inform the public about these effects. Each year, in the days following the Budget, Autumn or Spring Statements, we publish an assessment of the distributional impact policy changes announced will have. We also carry out detailed analysis of measures that affect poor and low-paid families (like Universal Credit, the most radical overhaul of the working age benefits system for decades); provide the public with an overview of the government’s record and parties’ proposals at election time; and assess the impact of policy changes on inequality, poverty and living standards over the longer-run. We also have undertaken comparative work showing how important the tax and welfare system has been in preventing a rise in income inequality in the UK since the mid 1990s, and how that is different to the trends that have occurred in the United States.

Contacts

Contact IFS on 020 7291 4800 or mailbox@ifs.org.uk

Robert Joyce
Deputy Director
Jonathan Cribb
Senior Research Economist
Tom Waters
Research Economist
( 248 results found )
Book chapter
This chapter analyses trends in average incomes and income inequality between UK individuals. We also explore the determinants of trends in income growth and how they have evolved over time, on average and for different groups.
Briefing note
The tax and benefit system is a key tool for a government trying to reduce inequality. In this briefing note, we examine the effects that cash benefits and taxes had on UK inequality in 2016–17.
Report
This report examines changes in the distribution of household incomes in the UK, and the determinants and consequences of recent trends. This includes analysing changes not only in average living standards but also in household income inequality and measures of income poverty and deprivation.
Book chapter
In this chapter, we analyse how living standards differ between those with and without long-standing health problems. There are many ways in which health and living standards may interact. First, poor health may reduce an individual’s living standards as they have to spend more money on goods or ...
Book chapter
This chapter of the flagship annual publication 'Living standards, poverty and inequality in the UK' examines how the hourly wages, weekly earnings and living standards of people with low hourly wages have changed in the years after the introduction of the NLW.
Report
This report examines changes in the distribution of household incomes in the UK, and the determinants and consequences of recent trends. This includes analysing not only changes in average living standards, but also inequality in household incomes and measures of income poverty and deprivation.
Briefing note
Andrew Hood and Tom Waters
This note has been written in the run-up to the 2017 general election. IFS Election 2017 analysis is being produced with funding from the Nuffield Foundation as part of its work to ensure public debate in the run-up to the general election is informed by independent and rigorous evidence.