Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programmes are a key component of welfare policies of governments across the developing world. CCT programmes provide cash payments to poor households upon meeting certain behavioural requirements, generally related to children’s education and health care.
EDePo researchers have been engaged extensively in the design, implementation and evaluation of various CCT programmes, including the Colombian Familias en Accion programme, the Mexican Oportunidades (formerly Progresa) programme, and a programme in Kazakhstan.
A range of methodologies have been used to assess and analyse the causal impact of these programmes. For example, work by EDePo researchers has estimated a dynamic behavioural model of education choices using experimental data from the Progresa CCT programme to understand the mechanisms underlying the impact of the programme on school participation. The behavioural model is subsequently used to simulate the effects on school participation of counterfactual changes in the structure of the CCT and of alternative policies to encourage school participation such as a programme that would reduce the distance of the targeted households from the nearest school.
EDePo research provides evidence that well-designed and well-targeted CCT programmes can be beneficial for children's education and health, and moreover can also have wider economic effects such as on resource sharing arrangements within communities, and on the distribution of power within households.
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