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Briefing notes

We produce short briefing notes on current policy issues, drawing on our expertise and research findings.
Briefing note
This briefing note provides background material for the 2017 General Election.
Briefing note
This briefing note provides background material for the 2017 General Election.
Briefing note
IFS Election 2017 analysis is being produced with funding from the Nuffield Foundation as part of its work to ensure public debate in the run-up to the General Election is informed by independent and rigorous evidence.
Briefing note
Andrew Hood and Tom Waters
This election briefing note looks at the impact of tax and benefit reforms on household incomes.
Briefing note
This election briefing note looks at the impact of tax and benefit reforms on household incomes.
Briefing note
The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) has today published the latest official statistics on household incomes, covering the financial year 2015–16. IFS researchers have summarised the headline trends observed in the new data and placed them in historical context in order to understand better ...
Briefing note
The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) has today published the latest official statistics on household incomes, covering the financial year 2015–16. IFS researchers have summarised the headline trends observed in the new data and placed them in historical context in order to understand better ...
Briefing note
Andrew Hood and Robert Joyce
The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) has today published the latest official statistics on household incomes, covering the financial year 2015–16. IFS researchers have summarised the headline trends observed in the new data and placed them in historical context in order to understand better ...
Briefing note
In this briefing note, we examine police officer retention in some detail.
Briefing note
In this new work, the researchers compared what happened to the labour market outcomes of mothers and fathers as their children moved from being entitled to a free part-time nursery place (offering 15 hours of free childcare per week) to a full-time place at primary school (which effectively offers ...
Briefing note
In this new work, the researchers compared what happened to the labour market outcomes of mothers and fathers as their children moved from being entitled to a free part-time nursery place (offering 15 hours of free childcare per week) to a full-time place at primary school (which effectively offers ...
Briefing note
Jonathan Cribb, Andrew Hood and Robert Joyce
This briefing note provides an up-to-date and comprehensive picture of the incomes and wealth of different cohorts as they have moved through their lives.
Briefing note
William Elming, Robert Joyce and Monica Costa Dias
This briefing note is the first output in a programme of work seeking to understand the gender wage gap and its relationship to poverty. Section 1 sets out what we mean by the gender wage gap, how it differs according to education level and how it has evolved over time and across generations. ...
Briefing note
The UK higher education sector has expanded remarkably over the past three decades. In 1993, 13% of 25- to 29-year-olds had first degrees or higher degrees. By 2015, this had roughly tripled to 41%. Naturally, one may wonder whether the big expansion has reduced the economic returns to having a ...
Briefing note
In this project, we have partnered with Lambeth Council to design a randomised controlled trial that tests the efficacy of different incentives for citizens to involve themselves in the co-production of public services.
Briefing note
Many low-income countries face the hefty challenge of increasing sanitation coverage, in both rural and urban areas, which demand di fferent solutions. In response, governments, with support from international agencies, bilateral donors and non-government organisations, are deploying a range of ...
Briefing note
Between 2007–08 and 2009–10, total government receipts collapsed – they fell by over 9% in real terms and were 2% lower as a proportion of national income – largely as a result of the financial crisis and resulting recession. By the end of this decade, government receipts are forecast to be ...
Briefing note
James Browne, Paul Johnson and David Phillips
This report is the first of several that the IFS will produce in the run up to the EU referendum that will look at these public finance and budgetary issues.
Briefing note
In the recent Budget, the Chancellor introduced a tax on the sugar content of soft drinks, citing concerns about childhood obesity. This tax will be introduced in 2018 and will not apply to fruit juices or milk-based drinks. It has followed calls from various bodies for intervention to reduce ...
Briefing note
Rowena Crawford, Richard Disney and David Innes
Spending on the police in England and Wales was cut by 14% in real terms between 2010–11 and 2014–15. This briefing note, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, places these spending cuts in the context of the large spending increases over the 2000s, and explores the differences ...