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Book chapter
The state pension age (SPA) – the earliest age at which someone in the UK can claim a state pension – has been rising in recent years. Between April 2010 and November 2018, the SPA for women has gradually increased from 60 to 65. In this chapter, we examine how the circumstances of women in ...
Book chapter
Ross Campbell and Martin Wheatcroft
In advance of the progress report expected with the 2018 Autumn Budget, this Green Budget chapter provides an overview of the assets owned by the UK public sector and discusses how the Balance Sheet Review can be used to improve the utilisation of public assets and the prospects for a comprehensive ...
Book chapter
This Green Budget chapter sets out the context for the choices facing the Chancellor, considers the necessary trade-offs and describes some of the possible implications for public service spending.
Book chapter
This Green Budget chapter considers where the Chancellor might look if he wanted to increase tax receipts by about 1% of national income – enough to pay for the promised increase in NHS spending. We investigate how various possible tax rises differ in the revenue they would raise, the people who ...
Book chapter
Ross Campbell and Martin Wheatcroft
This Green Budget chapter considers how the evolving defence and security position may affect defence resources and spending, and the pressure that this could put on the public finances.
Book chapter
Christian Schulz
In this part of Citi’s contribution to the Green Budget, we take a prospective look at the international environment for the UK economy. This includes an assessment of the near-term growth outlook of the UK’s major trade partners. But more importantly, it includes a discussion of the UK’s ...
Book chapter
In this chapter, we set out the current state of the public finances, the outlook for the future, and some of the key economic and policy risks to the public finances in the medium and long term.
Book chapter
Christian Schulz
In this chapter, we provide an overview of the UK’s recent economic performance and compare it with our and other forecasters’ projections in 2016. We then present our current forecasts, based on our smooth-Brexit base case.
Book chapter
The UK is committed by law to spending 0.7% of gross national income on overseas aid every year. This fiscal commitment is notable given the significant public spending pressures across government. In this context, the government has overseen some important changes to how its aid is allocated in ...
Book chapter
In this chapter, we examine the falling rate of homeownership among young adults. We investigate the key trends in the housing market that young adults face, and the barriers that they create for young prospective homeowners. In particular, using data on the incomes of young adults and the range of ...
Book chapter
In this chapter, we focus on one particular aspect of Brexit – changes in trade barriers with the EU – and examine the consequences these might have for different industries, workers and regions.
Book chapter
The financing of local public services involves a potential trade-off between the equalisation of funding between areas and the provision of fiscal incentives for economic growth. It also involves trade-offs between local discretion and national service standards. This chapter of the British ...
Book chapter
This is a chapter of The NHS at 70. To mark the BBC’s coverage of the NHS’s 70th birthday in July 2018, researchers from the Institute for Fiscal Studies, Health Foundation, The King’s Fund and the Nuffield Trust have come together for the first time, using combined expertise to shed light on ...
Book chapter
Mark Dayan, Deborah Ward, Tim Gardner and Elaine Kelly
This is a chapter of The NHS at 70. To mark the BBC’s coverage of the NHS’s 70th birthday in July 2018, researchers from the Institute for Fiscal Studies, Health Foundation, The King’s Fund and the Nuffield Trust have come together for the first time, using combined expertise to shed light on ...
Book chapter
In this chapter, we analyse how living standards differ between those with and without long-standing health problems. There are many ways in which health and living standards may interact. First, poor health may reduce an individual’s living standards as they have to spend more money on goods or ...
Book chapter
This chapter of the flagship annual publication 'Living standards, poverty and inequality in the UK' examines how the hourly wages, weekly earnings and living standards of people with low hourly wages have changed in the years after the introduction of the NLW.
Book chapter
How much do changes to local government finance in England encourage inclusive growth?
Book chapter
In this article the author provides a (selective) review of the recent econometric literature on networks.
Book chapter
The majority of children in poverty are in working families. One reason for this is that worklessness in families with children, while an important cause of poverty, has fallen significantly over the last 20 years. In addition, the relative poverty rates for children living in working families have ...
Book chapter
Abstract: Definition The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) [1] is a multidisciplinary panel study that collects a comprehensive array of measures on a representative sample of men and woman aged 50 and over who are living in England. Repeated measures covering health, economics, ...