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Tax in a changing world of work

Journal article | Tax Journal

Since the recession there has been a rapid rise in the number of individuals operating through self-employment or company owner-management. These groups are taxed substantially less heavily than employees despite receiving very similar state benefits. This creates a tax system that is complex, inefficient and unfair. In Budget 2017, the chancellor tried to take a small step towards a better tax system by increasing self-employed NICs. He failed. The best thing we can do now is unite around a long run vision for how we should tax different ways of working and start designing a pathway for getting there.

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This presentation was delivered to undergraduate students at University College London on 14th November 2019.
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This presentation was delivered to the Low Pay Commission on 2nd October 2019.
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This presentation is one of a series on the economics of tax policy.
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Journal article | Journal of Public Economics
We examine the effects of employee and employer social security contributions (SSCs) on labor cost, hours of work, and labor cost per hour in the UK.We find that reductions in marginal rates of employee – but not employer – SSCs have positive effects on labor cost that operate through hours of ...