Facts and figures about UK taxes, benefits and public spending.
Income distribution, poverty and inequality.
Analysing government fiscal forecasts and tax and spending.
Analysis of the fiscal choices an independent Scotland would face.
Case studies that give a flavour of the areas where IFS research has an impact on society.
Reforming the tax system for the 21st century.
A peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing articles by academics and practitioners.
This general election briefing note looks at how overall levels of borrowing and debt changed between 1997 and 2010. Some discussion is, necessarily, included of trends in taxation and spending; however, readers who are particularly interested in the levels of taxation and spending during Labour's period in office may also wish to refer to two other notes in this series of IFS Election 2010 Briefing Notes. Section 2 describes how the UK public finances evolved between 1997 and 2007 (prior to the financial crisis). It then compares this to the pattern observed during the period of Conservative governments from 1979 to 1997 and to the trend seen in other industrial countries. Section 3 carries out the same analysis, but for the period between 2007 and 2010, when the financial crisis and associated recession adversely affected the public finances of the UK and of many other countries.
View all IFS Briefing Notes in the series
Recent IFS Briefing Notes
Gluttony in England? Long-term change in diet
There has been a marked increase in body weight across much of the developed world. This has taken place, even though data suggest that there has not been an increase in calories consumed. This leads to a puzzle. If calories are declining, why are people gaining weight?
Food expenditure and nutritional quality over the Great Recession
In this briefing note, we document how the food purchases of households in the UK have changed over the recent period of recession and food price rises.
Taxing an Independent Scotland
This Briefing Note looks at the way that tax revenue in Scotland is currently delivered and at the reform options that would be open to an independent Scotland.