Facts and figures about UK taxes, benefits and public spending.
Income distribution, poverty and inequality.
Analysing government fiscal forecasts and tax and spending.
Analysis of the fiscal choices an independent Scotland would face.
Case studies that give a flavour of the areas where IFS research has an impact on society.
Reforming the tax system for the 21st century.
A peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing articles by academics and practitioners.
Type: External publications
Authors: Christopher Hood, Carl Emmerson and Ruth Dixon
Attempts to brake or reverse the growth of public spending in the UK are not new: Adam Smith discussed the problem over 200 years ago. So what can we learn from earlier periods of restraint or cutback in public spending?
This paper briefly reviews two key historical cases, the 'Geddes Axe' era of 1920s and the 1975-1985 era which included the 1976 IMF loan and subsequent attempts to restrain public spending under both Labour and Conservative governments. It also analyzes public spending in relation to the economic cycle over the last 60 years.