Carl Emmerson
Carl Emmerson
Deputy Director

M.Sc Economics, Birkbeck College, University of London, 1999
B.Sc Economics (1st Class Honours), London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London, 1996

Carl is Deputy Director of the Institute for Fiscal Studies and programme director of their work on direct taxes and welfare. He is an editor of the annual IFS Green Budget. His recent research includes analysis of the impact of the financial crisis and association recession, and the Government's response, on the UK's public finances. He has examined the effect of UK pension reforms on the public finances, retirement behaviour, labour market mobility, incentives to save and inequality, and has evaluated the large scale pilots of the Education Maintenance Allowance, the Pathways-to-Work reforms to incapacity benefits and the Saving Gateway matched savings vehicle. He has previously served as a specialist advisor to the House of Commons Work and Pensions Select Committee.

The changing characteristics of UK disability benefit recipients

| Observations

This observation summarises the findings of new IFS research on recent trends in those receiving out of work disability benefits published in the Journal of Economic Perspectives. Over time, an increasing proportion of these recipients is: younger rather than older, female rather than male, and claiming benefits due to a mental or behavioural health problem rather than a physical one. Issues raised by these trends for both disability and employment policy are also discussed.

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