Facts and figures about UK taxes, benefits and public spending.
Income distribution, poverty and inequality.
Analysing government fiscal forecasts and tax and spending.
Analysis of the fiscal choices an independent Scotland would face.
Case studies that give a flavour of the areas where IFS research has an impact on society.
Reforming the tax system for the 21st century.
A peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing articles by academics and practitioners.
How have household incomes evolved over your lifetime? What is the gap between rich and poor? How many people are there in poverty? Which groups are most likely to face poverty? These questions are fundamental to understanding the living standards to households across the UK.
The IFS has a long tradition in research into the living standards, poverty and inequality. Our research examines changes in earnings and employment, as well as the government tax and benefit policies that affect households' incomes. Incomes in the UK brings together key resources that are useful to the public. Any comments on these pages should be directed to the contacts named on the right.
This spreadsheet allows the public to see the how different measures of living standards, poverty and inequality have evolved over time. This combines data from Department for Work and Pension's Households Below Average Income series from 1994-95 with data produced by the IFS to measure the incomes and distribution of income in Britain since 1961.
Figures since 1961 are given for:
And since 1998 for:
IFS researchers produce new research frequently to keep the analysis of the UK income distribution up to date. Our latest commentary analyses these trends to gain a greater understanding of why incomes have been changing in recent years.
15 Jun 2012
21 Mar 2011
16 Dec 2010
12 Jun 2009